|La Vie Parisienne, September 23rd 1916|
September is the ninth month of the year. The name September comes from the Latin septem, which means "seventh", as it was originally the seventh out of ten months. There were many festivals celebrated during September, from Ludi Romani, which consisted of different games in honor of the God Jupiter, to the obscure Septimontium, celebrated by montani, people of the seven hill communities of ancient Rome. In Charlemagne's calendar it is called the "harvest month", which coincides with the Anglo-Saxon's name for it - Gerstmonath, "barley month".
The birthstone of September is the sapphire; the flowers are forget-me-nots, morning glory, and aster. Virgo and Libra are the Zodiac signs for this month. Virgo is based upon Astraea, the last immortal to leave Earth after the other Gods fled to Olympus. Libra is personified by the Greek Goddess Themis' scales of justice, or in Roman mythology, Iustitia's. Themis is the Goddess of divine order, natural law, fairness, and custom. Iustitia, or Justitia, also called "Lady Justice", was an allegorical personification of the moral force of justice. She wore a blindfold, to indicate that justice is blind, and held a scale and a sword.
September in other languages: Setembro (Portuguese), Medi (Welsh), Septembril (Estonian)
September as a name: Eylül (September in Turkish)
Flowers: Glory, Myosotis (Another name for forget-me-nots), Aster, Shion ("Aster", Japanese), Astra ("Star", also the Czech name for the flower)
Gems: Sapphire, Sapphira/Safira, Sapir, Nilam ("Dark blue, sapphire")
Zodiac: Virgo, Astraea/Astraia, Dido ("Virgin"), Parthenia ("Maiden, virgin"), Virginia (Historically associated with Virgo), Adhara ("Maidens"), Morwenna ("Maiden"); Libra, Themis, Iustitia/Justitia, Adalet ("To act justly"), Eurydice ("Wide justice"), Zedekiah ("Justice of Yahweh"), Justus, Justin/Justine, Venus (Ruling planet of Libra)
Ninth: Nona, Sivan (Ninth month in the Hebrew calendar), Kurō ("Ninth Son")
Other: Harvest, Barley, Season, Autumn, Gloria, Jupiter